Lifelong learning is defined as “all learning activity undertaken throughout life, with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competence, within a personal, civic, social and/or employment-related perspective.” ( However, it is interesting to note the competency gap between higher education and high school. Is it just a knowledge gap ( ) or as is it well an attitudinal gap? . How can we expect the students to be able to do team work, be critical, inquisitive, risk takers when the competencies required to access university are quite different? There is a profound mismatch in the attitudes required at primary, secondary, higher education and professional level. In this case, how can we discuss LLL? and what impact does it have when the students reach higher education and these attitudes are required to prepare them to be employable and thrive, having an active and proactive role in the knowledge economy? How can we build a common discourse in the formal educational path when we have Ministries of Education and Ministries of Higher Education? 

All these reflections started when I watched this video, for the #FDOL141 course and how to create online communities and collaboration…very difficult to do it when the students have grown up in a learning culture of individualism, grades, grades, grades to enter Higher Education…some further reflection at policy level on how to engage these future generations and not to alienate them… I recommend you  to watch Ken Robinson TED Talk ” How schools kill creativity” (  and also watch this lecture from Daniel Goleman…there is a lot that we need to question and find creative solutions for the current  (lifelong) learning challenges we face