Archives for the month of: September, 2013

http://www.ted.com/talks/ken_robinson_changing_education_paradigms.html

based on a TED talk by Ken Robinson leads us to reflect, question, in a provocative and humorist manner, about the current educational paradigm and the challenges existent and ahead…

The term open, as part of Open Education, Open Educational resources, Open Access only makes sense if we look at it from the freedom movement and its base and derivatives. When the term appeared in the 80´s by Stallman, Free Software, during the founding of the GNU software (http://www.gnu.org/gnu/thegnuproject.html ) it was meant as in free for freedom, free to use, to run the program, to modify, redistribute and distribute modified versions.

 Later on, the term Free was connected to Free, in terms of price, changing the basic underlying philosophy and creating a separated approach.

Open Software appears in the 90´s, by Perens  as a broad general type of software license that makes source code available to the general public with relaxed or non-existent copyright restrictions…Open source licenses grant licensees the right to copy, modify and redistribute source code (or content). These licenses may also impose obligations (e.g., modifications to the code that are distributed must be made available in source code form, an author attribution must be placed in a program/ documentation using that open source)” (Wikipedia).

The Open Movement have been extended to other areas, including education.

In 2007, Creative Commons launch the Education Projects, where the Open Education and Open Educational Resources become part of the educational policies, with the possibility to license different types of contents, formats under the CC licensing and currently other types of licenses. The type of licensing is the only thing that distinguishes (or should distinguish) between a OER and other types of contents.

A lot has been written about developing OER´s, creating a duplicity/gap between OERs and copyrighted materials, removing the discussion from the type of licensing, which is the real difference, and focusing it on OER quality , creation of standards, evaluation. The real debate has been moved, therefore, from different types of licensing to the creation of duplicated content development structures…

 

a great TED talk by Larry Lessig about how copyright laws need to change or otherwise creativity, innovation and in the end development will be diminished, not reach their full potential…it is up to us to make this change…how can we, for instance, still have ebooks that can only be read 8, 10 times before the access is removed to a ebook??!!…

Three grand essentials to happiness in this life are something to do, something to love, and something to hope for. – Joseph Addison

It is noble to teach oneself, but still nobler to teach others — and less trouble.
Mark Twain, 1906

openness of references

The other day, while leading a workshop in the use of OERs we came across this situation, when the referenced the sources end up on a login or subscription page. Quite honestly, I find it very annoying when this happens. I prefer to signal that the content is not available publicly, although I prefer to post as a norm only content that can be accessed freely. At the time, as I mentioned to the participants, it is a matter of personal choice… 

I joined the OCL4Ed as a way to learn from others, share experiences, practices and policies. One of the first activities, it was to create this blog as part of the Personal Learning Environment (PLE). Since I had been already developing blogs, microblogs, websites, it was an now fairly easy to create the world of OERs blog.

I am truly looking forward for the rest of the course.

The right to Education

The objective of this blog is to share, learn and engage in the world of OERs. It all started by enrolling in the OCL4Ed micro Open Online Course (mOOC), facilitated by the UNESCO OER Chair network  in support of capability development for the UNESCO 2012 Paris OER Declaration. It would be impossible to talk about OER without considering the right to Education, with real learning outcomes. OERs can play a fundamental role in this objective, allowing to provide access/intrinsic learning to everybody. We all can play a fundamental role in using, sharing, developing and licensing our existent content, methodologies, etc as OERs. 

“Leadership and Learning are indispensable to each other.”
John F. Kennedy